Science jobs are available in a variety of disciplines from research and development, clinical trials and medical sales to forensic science, pharmacy and science writing.

  • There are approximately 3 million people currently employed in the science industry in the UK.

  • There will be approximately 67,600 job openings in the science industry by 2027 in the UK.

  • The estimated average salary in the science industry is £23,920–£42,120 in the UK.

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  • Useful skills

    • Analytical and critical thinking
    • Strong problem-solving
    • Reasoning
    • Scientific and numerical skills
    • Attention to detail and accuracy
  • Related subjects

    • Chemistry
    • Biology
    • Statistics
    • English
    • Maths
  • Qualifications

    England and Wales

    • A level or Advanced apprenticeship (Level 3).
    • Scientists typically require a bachelor's degree or Degree apprenticeship (Levels 6-7) relevant to their position.
      • Scientists typically hold first or 2:1 degrees (upper second class). Most research scientists pursue postgraduate qualifications, such as PhDs.
      • To be eligible for hospital or laboratory research jobs, you must have a BSc (Hons) degree in biomedical science accredited by the Institute of Biomedical Science (IBMS) and be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC).
    • A relevant HND or foundation degree may also provide entry, but only for technician-level positions.
  • Qualifications


    • Scottish Highers or Foundation apprenticeship (SCQF Level 6).
    • Scientists train for 12 years: 4 years undergraduate, 5 years higher education, and 3 years research.
      • Undergraduate honours degree or Modern/Graduate apprenticeship (SCQF Level 10) - E.g.:
        • Must complete a BSc (Hons) degree in biomedical science accredited by the Institute of Biomedical Science (IBMS) and registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) to access hospital or laboratory research jobs.
    • Scottish Vocational Qualification (SCQF Level 5-11).

Explore online careers courses

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Jobs in science

  • Biochemist

    Biochemists investigate the chemical processes that take place inside all living things, such as viruses, bacteria and people.

  • Forensic scientist

    Forensic scientists prepare traces of physical evidence for use in courts of law.

  • Data analyst-statistician

    Data analyst-statisticians collect numbers and statistics to identify trends, create models and present results.

  • Chemical engineering technician

    Chemical engineering technicians research, develop and manufacture plastics, medicines, foods, textiles and fuel.

  • Laboratory technician

    Laboratory technicians carry out tests on samples for scientific research, product development and medical diagnosis.

  • Food scientist

    Food scientists and food technologists develop food and drink products, making sure they are safe to consume.

Check out live jobs and placements

Uptree partner companies in science

Did you know?

While the pandemic disrupted various businesses in the UK, pharmaceutical and biotech firms have performed excellently over the last couple of years. This has created a demand for professionals with experience and expertise in these fields.


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